[Geneva]100 Million Girls+Women Cursed with Female Genital Mutilation [FGM] In Egypt+Ethiopia+Indonesia:UNICEF
At least 200 million girls and women worldwide have been subjected to female genital mutilation with half of those living in Egypt, Ethiopia and Indonesia, according to the UN children’s agency.
Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti continue to show the highest prevalence of FGM globally, but the overall rate in some 30 countries has dropped, said a UNICEF report released ahead of International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM, tomorrow.
The United Nations is working to end the practice of cutting women’s genitalia by the target date of 2030, a goal set in its new development agenda that was adopted in September by all UN member-states.
Of the 200 million FGM victims, 44 million are girls age 14 and younger.
In the 30 countries where the practice is most widespread, the majority of girls have undergone FGM before their fifth birthday, said UNICEF which declared the practice a clear violation of children’s rights.
“In countries like Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti, the practice is practically universal,” said Claudia Cappa, the lead author of the report.
“Being born in those countries means you have 9 out of 10 possibilities of undergoing the practice.”
The prevalence rates for FGM in Somalia stands at a staggering 98% for Somalia, 97 % for Guinea and 93 % for Djibouti.
The new global figure on FGM includes nearly 70 million more girls and women than the last estimate for 2014, largely due to new data provided by Indonesia and population growth in some countries.
Overall, the prevalence of FGM among teenage girls has dropped in the 30 countries, from 51 per cent in 1985 to 37 per cent today.
There have been major strides in Liberia, Burkina Faso, Kenya and Egypt to end the mutilation of girls.
Attitudes are changing, Cappa said, pointing to surveys showing that a majority of people in those countries want the practice to end.
“We need to support national efforts to promote the abandonment of the practice,” said Cappa, pointing to successes in efforts to “change the way communities see FGM and cutting.”
Since 2008, more than 15,000 communities have abandoned FGM including 2,000 last year alone.
Five countries have passed laws criminalizing the practice: Kenya, Uganda, Guinea-Bissau and recently Nigeria and Gambia in 2015.
President Pranab Mukherjee Inaugurated , 31st meeting of Ministers of Health and 66th session of the WHO Regional committee for South East Asia
President Pranab Mukherjee Inaugurated ,Today, 31st meeting of Ministers of Health and 66th session of the WHO Regional committee for South East Asia and Highlighted The Need For the accessibility of Ideal healthcare delivery system to all in the Region.
The President Shri Mukherjee inaugurated the 31st meeting of Ministers of Health and Sixty-sixth Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia at Rashtrapati Bhavan today (September 10, 2013) and congratulated Dr. Margaret Chan, Director General, World Health Organization for her untiring efforts in pursuing the ‘health for all’ policies, to make it a global agenda and for her commitment to the cause of public health in the international community of nations.
In His Speech Shri Mukherjee said “This international platform at the regional level is crucial for this region since it houses 1.79 billion people, which is 26.4 percent of the global population. 46% of the population in this region is living below poverty line. A significant portion of the disease burden in this region, more than 28%, arises from communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions and nutritional deficiencies which are closely knitted with poverty.
The data also reveals that South East Asia Region has more than 27% of global disease burden due to Non-Communicable Diseases which indicates the increasing prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases in the region.
It is also a matter of concern that South East Asia region registers the lowest total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (3.8%) and per capita total expenditure on health as per World Health Statistics 2009, with 84.4% out of pocket expenditure.
In this background,President said , I am sure that the meeting of the Health Ministers of the region followed by the session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia would map the way forward for the entire Region, and would throw up broad agreements and the desired joint commitment on important initiatives and strategies.
Speaking on the occasion, the President said that he was sure that the meeting of the Health Ministers of the Region followed by the session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia would map the way forward for the entire Region. He said that it is an urgent necessity to build a conducive environment to ensure the highest quality of health for the people of the Region. However, this needs a multi-dimensional approach on the part of the respective Governments.
The President said that an ideal healthcare delivery system should be accessible to all in the Region. It is important that the countries in the Region strengthen their health systems based on the primary health care approach – focusing on public health including prevention and promotion activities; using appropriate technologies; and based on domestic resources as far as possible. He said that strategic investments in medical education and training would be needed to enhance the availability of scientifically credible professionals for all communities. He stated that the existing inefficiencies in the supply chain and logistics management of drugs and vaccines should also be addressed on a priority basis. Strengthening of institutional mechanisms for community participation in oversight and governance of health at multiple levels – rural and urban – would also be crucial.
Dignitaries present on the occasion were Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Nafsiah Mboi, Health Minister, Indonesia, Ms. Santosh Chowdhary, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare and Dr. Margaret Chan, DG, WHO.
 The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the inauguration of the 31st Meeting of Ministers of Health of Countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region and 66th Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on September 10, 2013.
The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, the Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare, Smt. Santosh Chowdhary and other dignitaries are also seen.